Nepal is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to the impact of climate change and variability. Projected climate change poses additional challenges. Extreme weather vagaries as a result of variable monsoon, fragile geology, agriculture-based economy and poor coping capacity of the people have been contributing towards the poor adaptive capacity in Nepal. Nepal is a predominantly agricultural country from which gains more than one third of its GDP from agriculture sector. The agricultural sector alone employs two-thirds of the total population for their livelihoods. However, only about 20% of the total land in Nepal is arable and of which only 40% is irrigated with modern means. The major portion of the arable land, i.e. 60% is still rainfed, whose productivity is dependent on the monsoonal activities. Recent records in Nepal shows increasing incidents of frequent occurrence of heavy rain , hailstorm, droughts, floods, heat waves, cold waves and crop disease. Climate variability affect agricultural productivity and poses challenges to food security and often disproportionately impact women and vulnerable groups.